What Is the Difference Between CAT5e and CAT6 Ethernet Cables?

When we hear the term CAT5e Cable and CAT6 Cable, so what is the difference? Both of these cables are referred to as twisted-pair copper cable, so both of these have 8 individual insulated copper wires and both are usually terminated with an RJ-45 connector. What’s the big deal?

The original Ethernet data criteria used aluminum coaxial cable to transfer data on the ancient packet-switched networks.


10Base5 networks used quite stiff 0.375 inches, 50-ohm impedance coaxial cable, and was frequently characterized by its Creamy Yellow outer insulated coating. It has been known as Thick Ethernet and was often attached to the wall much like some Dado Rail. It was designed to pass Ethernet signals at 10 Mbps over a maximum distance of 500 meters, and this might be stretched around 2500 meters with 4 repeaters.


10Base2 networks used 50 ohms impedance coaxial cable which has been thinner and more flexible compared to 10Base5, but the Ethernet signals were designed to be transmitted over this medium at 10 Mbps, albeit over a much shorter distance of around 185 meters, which might be extended up to 925 meters with the addition of 4 repeaters. Both the 10Base5 and standards are now largely obsolete and twisted pair cable is the network medium that was typical.

Twisted Pair Ethernet Cable

10BaseT was developed in the early 1980s and is mainly utilized Category 3 cable for transmissions up to 10 Mbs over distances up to 100 meters. Ethernet standards evolved to include the 10BaseTx 100 Mbps and data speed transmission and 1000Baset 1000 Mbps criteria were introduced. Cat3 cable was longer had bandwidth reaction that is sufficient to handle these technologies that are quicker and so that the Cat5 and Cat5e cable criteria were introduced that allowed data levels at up to 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps. The original Cat5 standard was fine for its transmissions that were 100BaseTx but was immediately superseded by Cat5e as the standard became commonplace. Buy Ethernet Outdoor Cable | Outdoor Cables for Sale | trueCABLE

So what is the difference between CAT5e and CAT6 Cable? Well, the cables are assembled with 4 copper pairs, producing 8 wires in total. Every pair of wires twisted and are color-coded around one another to reduce Crosstalk. The cable is rated up to 100Mhz and supports up to 1 Gigabit Ethernet, the Cat6 cable is rated up to 250Mhz and may support 10 Gigabit Ethernet signals although.

Cat6 Ethernet Cable has over 2 twists per centimeter whereas Cat5e Ethernet Cable only has 1.5 to 2 twists per centimeter. The outcome is that Crosstalk is better protected against by Cat6 Cable. Another distinction is the sheath thickness can be higher when comparing Cat6 with Cat5e. Some of these Category 6 cables have a Nylon Spine along with the combo of this backbone along with the thicker sheath protect against Near-End Crosstalk (NEXT) and Alien Crosstalk (AXT), which can increase as the frequency rises.

Most Ethernet Cables in use are UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair), as these are the cables recommended to be used between your peripheral devices like computers and the wall socket. STP (Shielded Twisted Pair) Cables are recommended to be used for outdoor installations and also for cable runs within internal walls.

Stranded wires are more flexible and are more often used for the computer to wall socket and standard home network usage, but often businesses usually prefer the solid cables as soon as it concerns the wiring inside pipes and wiring ducts due to the superior strength and improved network functionality.

Ethernet cables might all seem alike, but you must notice that they have different performance based on the structure. Besides, the sort of wire used in building the cable makes a fantastic difference. So which one matches your wants well? In this list, you will find more information on some types of Ethernet cable. You may receive the best one for your system.

Cat 3 will be the first sort of Ethernet cable. This is an old type which has limited work of around 10 Mbps (megabits per second). It’s not popular outside of Voice-Over Internet Protocol (VOIP) and other sorts of voice programs. In any case 3 cable also has an issue of disturbance and cross-talk, therefore it was replaced with types and more advanced.

Cat 5 is the second type. Better compared to Cat 3, this cable permits you to receive 10/100 Mbps of Ethernet connections. To reduce the disturbance, the cable is wrapped differently to be twists per foot. Cat 5 cable works in greater functionality than Cat 3 one.

Subsequently, you might also locate Cat 5e cable which is the improved version of Cat 5. It permits you to get 10/100/1,000 Mbps Ethernet connections that will be perfect to encourage internet connection in home and business programs. This is also the kind of cable available in the marketplace because it comes at higher ending and price point.

You could also locate Cat 6. It is popular although it is quite similar to Cat 5e. This cable that is certain enables your system to run as its advantage. It’s made of thicker wires although It’s made the exact same manner.

The last kind is going to be a crossover cable. You need to notice that many Ethernet cables come in regular design and every end is likewise indistinguishable. Crossover cables come in comparable design with those ones, but you will realize that the order of the wires is switched. People use a crossover cable to connect a particular device to another individual directly and to bypass a router or network hub. On the other hand, the crossover could not be used on behalf of the conventional kinds of Ethernet cables.